The History of Artificial Eyes
Prior to World War II, ocular prosthetics were made of specialized blown glass that collapsed to form a concave shape. During and after World War II this glass became increasing difficult to obtain. Soon, acrylic and other plastic polymers were being used for many of the uses previously exclusive to glass. An exciting use of this new material was for artificial eyes, or ocular prosthetics. Acrylic revolutionized the art and process of making ocular prosthetics.
In comparison to glass, acrylic provided better comfort and fit. Glass artificial eyes frequently needed replacing and broke easily. Acrylic improved the techniques for making artificial eyes such as impression molding, blending and allowed for easier changes in shape, color or size of an ocular prosthesis.
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